Global sea level rise has been calculated at roughly 30cm per century. The two main contributors are thermal expansion, and the melting of glaciers and ice sheets – both of which are a consequence of the global climate crisis. Rates are expected to accelerate even further in the 21st century. Learn more about the devastating effects of this rise, and find studies, reports and organisations here
In early August, a series of wildfires broke out in Hawaii, mainly on the island of Maui. It has now become the deadliest fires in over a century of US history, with more than 100 people killed. This year's record-breaking heat season led to drought, which, combined with strong winds related to Hurricane Dora, created the perfect conditions for the fires to intensify.
The number of people who are forced to leave their homes due to environmental changes has increased dramatically in the last few decades. These changes often impact food and water supply, the ability to source an income, and even safety. Global climate change has increased the occurrence of drought, flooding, extreme weather events, and desertification. Environmental degradation and climate change go hand in hand, and these are the people caught in the middle of policy, bureaucracy, and lack of legal protection.
High temperatures are wreaking havoc in Europe, with the UK recording its highest ever temperature, while thousands of people are suffering the consequences of forest fires in France, Greece, Spain and Portugal. Global temperatures have risen by 1°C since the industrial era, and we are experiencing the warmest period in 125,000 years, according to the IPCC. Heat waves pose a major threat to countries with typically mild climates, as they are unprepared to respond to rising temperatures.