Anti-governmental protesters gather outside of Kyiv. Under a grey sky thousands of protesters hold blue and yellowUkraine flags.
Helgi | CC BY-SA 3.0

UKRAINE Political Guide and Russian Relations

In this extensive resource on the complicated history of ➡️ Ukraine you will discover over 10,000 handpicked links to key political information that has shaped decades of conflict and suffering, including the current war in Ukraine.

Also explore our unique peace guide specifically on the ➡️ 2022 Russian Invasion which highlights peace voices and negotiations, expert analysis, and delivers extensive information on the refugee crisis, economic impacts, grain and fertiliser shortages, NATO involvement, human rights issues including Russian repression, conscientious objection and protests, massive weapons exports by the West into Ukraine, voices for peace and how you can help.

To stay informed on the latest developments in Ukraine, Better World Info has collated the very best news sources and social media accounts to follow for up to the minute facts. Find newspapers, blogs, peace experts, military analysts, politicians, and the campaigns demanding military de-escalation.

Find also information on the inner workings of the Ukraine government including current President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, elections, economics, and relations with NATO and Russia.

With such a turbulent history, many initiatives have been created to fight for civil liberties, human rights, transparency, and against rampant corruption. Find local and international NGOs here.


Volodymyr Zelenskyy, the President of Ukraine walks through the Parade of Troops in a blue black suit. He looks serious and aways from the camera, everything in the background has been blurred
Rawpixel | Public domain

Where can I find Background Information on Conflict in Ukraine?

This remarkable resource on Ukraine is a great place to find a ➡️ complete guide to historic and current events, including background analysis of NATO, Russia, and Ukraine.

There is also a comprehensive toolbox covering the build-up to current events with a special focus on the Euromaidan protests, the Donbas region, and the East Ukraine civil war 2014-2022 and Minsk Agreements. An interesting guide to the related Russia – U.S. Cold War escalation provides further insight into the evolution of current events, U.S. involvement and military build-up of Ukraine prior to 2022.

For those who want to add an extra layer to their understanding, find further reading into the workings of Vladimir Putin, courageous conscientious objectors, the Orange Revolution, the Crimea crisis of 2014, the influence of the oligarchs and corruption, and Ukrainian fascists and nationalists.


A map of Ukraine shows the 2014 pro-Russian protests and unrest in the East and the South of Ukraine. Each region is depited in a different colour to display which areas were controlled by Russia and in which areas there was an armed insurgency.
RGloucester | CC BY-SA 3.0

What is the History between Ukraine, Russia, and NATO?

Back in the year 2000 in a BBC interview, Putin was quoted saying ‘Russia is a part of European culture. Therefore, it is with difficulty that I imagine NATO as an enemy.’ When asked about the possibility of joining Nato, he even went as far to say ‘Why not?’ as long as ‘Russia’s views are taken into account as those of an equal partner.’

Later in 2001, just a few weeks after the 9/11 attacks, during a speech to the German Bundestag, Putin announced unprecedented co-operation between Russia and the U.S., and again shared his vision of Russia’s European future.

Relations however had soured by the 2008 NATO Summit in Bucharest, where Eastern Expansion into Ukraine and Georgia was hot on the agenda. Fears regarding the increased polarisation and militarisation of the giant defence alliance were being felt by Russia.

The relationship between Russia and NATO has been strained for decades. After the peaceful reunification of Germany in 1990 and the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, experts warned that expansion of the Nato alliance would only add further fuel to the fire. Regardless, since 1997, 14 countries in Eastern Europe have acceded. Ukraine began relations with NATO in 1991 but plans for membership were later dropped in 2010.

Tensions reached breaking point after the illegal coup d' etat at Maidan by fascists and nationalists, followed by Russian infiltration and secession of Crimea in 2014. Despite Ukraine not being a NATO member, NATO pledged full support for Ukrainian sovereignty and has been committed to bolstering Ukrainian defense ever since.

This complex geopolitical situation has been exasperated by misinformation campaigns, citizen repression, false media reporting, intensifying Russophobia, and closure of NGOs.

Better World Info supports a peace first approach, disarmament, nonviolent solutions, and open dialogue. As a participatory platform for the sharing of information, we encourage activists, human and civil rights advocates, and peace experts to share their knowledge and help spread the message of a better world.

Finally, this excellent guide is also available in German at Bessere Welt Info. For a German language version of the Ukraine Conflict resource with over 4,000 links, you can check out the equally informative categories Ukraine and Russische Invasion.

Author: Rachael Mellor, 21.02.23 licensed under CC BY-ND 4.0 Updated 31.03.24

Further reading on Ukraine see below  ⬇️

Hot Topics

A green and white poster created by the IPB on justice for Yurii Sheliazhenko the Ukrainian conscientious objector. There is an image of the white male with long brown hair and glasses on the right hand side, on the left is the statement from the IPB calling for his rights to be upheld and at the bottom is the contact information for the IPB.
International Peace Bureau

Prosecution of CO Yurii Sheliazhenko

The IPB council member, Seán MacBride Prize Laureate, and leader of the Ukrainian Pacifist Movement has been prosecuted by the Ukrainian government for ‘justification of Russian aggression’. The charges came after the publication of ‘Peace Agenda for Ukraine and the World.’ The document opposes both sides of the ongoing war, and promotes peace, justice, and the right to object to military service. Yuri is an important advocate for peaceful negotiation and resolution. We must ensure that his rights to freedom of speech, conscientious objection, and his wellbeing are upheld.

Prosecution of CO Yurii Sheliazhenko

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