July 26th saw the country's 5th military coup since its independence from France in 1960. Condemned by ECOWAS the crisis in Niger began when president Bazoum was detained by guard commander general Tchiani who declared himself as the new leader. Adding more chaos to the Sahel region, they have since ignored the deadline to reinstate the president.
After failed efforts to implement democratic civilian-led rule, Mid-April saw the beginning of intense fighting between two main factions of the Sudanese military regime. With hundreds already dead, fears of an all-out civil war are spreading internationally as the power struggle is creating further instability in this volatile part of Africa. Thousands of refugees are fleeing as the conflict intensifies and food and basic supplies are compromised. In a battle for further influence, involvement from Russia, the US, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and the UK has added further complexity to the situation.
Africa's largest democracy held its seventh election, plagued by logistical problems and accusations of fraud. The result was a victory for the ruling party, with Bola Tinubu named the winner, the results have been contested by two of the main opposition candidates, and international observers complained of a lack of transparency. Biometric voter identification was introduced this year, but there were glitches in the system that led to disparities between manual and computer counts. Tinubu has been accused in the past of corruption and money laundering, but has never been charged.